Юго-Восточная Азия: актуальные проблемы развития
Издается с 1998 года. ISSN 2072-8271
«ШАФРАНОВАЯ РЕВОЛЮЦИЯ» В МЬЯНМЕ: ПРИЧИНЫ И ПОСЛЕДСТВИЯ
Аннотация: Dr. Aida Simoniya in her paper entitled «The Saffron uprising» in Myanmar: causes consequences» examines recent political events in Myanmar. Special attention in paid to root causes and participants of pro-democracy protests in September 2007 named as «saffron revolution». After the authorities violently suppressed mass demonstrations led by Buddhist monks the international community increased pressure on the junta to accelerate the realization of its plans for democratic changes. Soon the military administration announced that it will hold a general multiparty elections in 2010 and went ahead with a referendum on the new constitution in the scheduled date - on May 10th, 2008. This was done in spite of the humanitarian catastrophe caused by cyclone Nargis a week before. The author presumes that the military government being a target of sharp international criticism and economic sanctions decided to speed up carrying out stages of the «road map to democracy» to legitimize its power.
Ключевые слова: ПОЛИТИКА, ШАФРАНОВАЯ РЕВОЛЮЦИЯ, МЬЯНМА (БИРМА), ЮГО-ВОСТОЧНАЯ АЗИЯ